# Commercial Loans and Fun Blog

By the end of this training article, you will know what banks are quoting on commercial loans on office buildings, retail buildings, shopping centers, and industrial buildings; i.e., what commercial banks are quoting on permanent loans.

You will know these commercial loan rates exactly, and you will know these commercial loan rates without the need to call anyone.  As a silly character in the 1950's-era sitcom, Dobie Gillis, used to say, "Good stuff, Maynard."

But first I have a reminder:  Commercial banks across the country quote almost the exact same commercial loan, whether the bank is located in Bangor, Maine or in San Diego, California.  (Please read that last sentence again and embrace it!)

That loan will be the current commercial loan rate for banks, fixed for the first five years, readjusted once at the beginning of year six to 2.75% to 3.50% over five-year Treasuries, 1 point, 25-years amortized, ten years due, and a declining prepayment penalty, commonly 5-4-3-2-1-open- 5-4-3-2-1.  Open means no prepayment penalty.  If the property is older than 40 years, most banks will cut the amortization down to 20 years.

Okay, so what is the current commercial loan rate?  You compute it first looking up 5-year Treasuries.  Just go to Google and type, "5-year Treasuries."  Presto-chango!  You have your answer.  As of December 27, 2018, five-year (constant maturity) Treasuries are 2.60%.

And now for the magician's trick.  Drum roll please, Maestro.  Just add 2.75% to 3.50% to five-year Treasuries to get your answer:   And of December 27, 2018, banks across the country are quoting 5.35% to 6.10% for commercial permanent loans.

So when do you get 5.35% and when do you get 6.10%?  Its depends on the beauty of the property, the location of the property, the loan-to-value ratio, the liquidity of the borrower (banks love-love-love liquidity), and the net worth and credit of the borrower.

Basically, Ginger gets 5.35%.  Mary Ann gets 6.10%.  It's really this simple.

What about apartments?  Typically apartment loans, which are always the most coveted kind of income property loan, are 20 to 30 basis points cheaper.  You will recall that a basis point is just 1/100th of one percent.  Twenty-five basis points is one-quarter of one percent.  Therefore, apartment loans are around one-quarter of one percent cheaper than commercial loans.

I had to look it up too.  Euripides wrote scores of tragedies in the days of ancient Athens.